IN HUMANITIES AND SCIENCE, The Asiatic Society took the leadership
in initiating genuine researches on western lines. There is no
field, which was not touched by the Society, and Transactions
and journals of the Society were the mirror of these researches.
The pages of these publications speaks eloquently of the range
and depth of these studies covering Mathematical and Physical
Sciences including Meteorology, tidal observations, laws of storms,
Geology both Stratigraphical and Dynamical, Mineralogy, Zoology,
Botany including Palaeo-Botany, Geography, Ethnology, Chemistry,
Society remained the chief advisory body to the Government of
India in matters relating to all kinds of scientific subjects.
It was the initial activities of The Asiatic Society in different
branches of Science the led to the foundation of the Trigonometrical
Survey of India in 1818, the Geological Survey of India in 1851
the Indian Metrological Department in 1875, the Zoological Survey
of India in 1911, the Botanical Survey of India in 1912 and so
on. Many other distinguished scientific institutions and organizations
were possible because of the help of the Society at their inception.
Some of these are the Indian Science Congress (estd. 1913), the
School of Tropical Medicine, The University of Calcutta ( estd.
1857) whose first Vice-Chancellor was the President of The Asiatic
Society, Chief Justice Sir J W Colvile. Even the Indian National
Academy of Sciences and its preparation of a national history
of Scientific Studies